|BIOTHOPS Los Patos Lagoon Cumanà-Sucre-Venezuela|
Maps that can help you in a better localization of Cumanà
Cumaná was the first city founded in the American
continent. The area is desertic and the climate hot and dry. It is on
the north-eastern Venezuelan coast and surrounded by mountains
that intercept the precipitations.
The lagoon is separated from the
ocean by a sand bank, and because of the continuous influx of fresh
water, the brackish water gradually turned into fresh.
On the ocean side of the lagoon there is also a channel crossing the
beach side road and dying a couple hundred meters from the ocean
los Patos is not a single body of water, but rather several shallow
mangrove estuaries that interconnect when the water level rises during the rainy season , and this may be the
reason that the Endler's and several other fish species have been able
to survive there. The depth varies between some centimetres and
3 or 4 meters.
Concerning the dark colour of the water ,you can
read this extract from a Pr.Endler’mail :
from a trip to Laguna de los Patos :
Here there are some lines from
Dr.Slaboch who went to Venezuela in winter 2003:
I visited Laguna de Patos
in winter 2003. Lagoon is 1 km from Puerto LaCruz, direction to Playa
Colorada (GPS N 10.23462; W 64.62082). Aqua was high contaminated by
In the day-time, the water
temperature was 34°C, at night 29 °C, pH 7.9. The air temperature in
the day-time 46 °C and the humidity 98 %.
In lagoon be merely Endler´s guppy,
but little. I caught only 15 specimens.
You can find more informations and
photos (unfortunately only in Czech) here:
This shots of the lagoon were taken by Dr.Roman Slaboch during his trip in Venezuela. Photos by Roman Slaboch
about this biothops has been mostly taken from Pr.John Endler and
Armando Pou notes after their collecting trips and from the website